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Cave paintings at Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc

Cave paintings at Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc

Ardèche region of southern France | Artists of the Aurignacian culture

Read More c. 32000-30000 BCE

Venus of Willendorf

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c. 28,000-25,000 BCE

Ziggurat at Ur

Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq (near Nasiriyah) | King Ur-Nammu

c. 2100 BCE

Epic of Gilgamesh

Epic of Gilgamesh

Sumer/Babylonia (Iraq, Kuwait) | Sîn-lēqi-unninni and unknown Sumerian & Babyloninan poets

Read More c. 2150 - 1400 BCE

The Code of Hammurabi

The Code of Hammurabi

Sumer, Aakkad, Babylonia | Iraq, Kuwait, Jordan, Syria | Hriammurabi

Read More c. 1770 BCE

Bronze Bells, Shang-Zhong Dynasty

China | Various Shang and Zhou Artists

1600 BC–256 BCe

Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

Deir el-Bahri, Egypt | Senenmut

c. 1479-1458 BCE

Rig Veda

Rig Veda

Indian Sub-continent | Compiled by several generations of Indo-Aryan priests/philosophers

Read More c. 1500-1000 BCE

Nok Terracottas, Africa

West Africa | Various Nok Artists

1500 BCE-500CE

Star Ushak Rug, Ottoman Empire

Turkey | Ottoman Artist

1500-1450 BCE

Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

Deir el-Bahri, Egypt | Senenmut

c. 1479-1458 BCE

Lion Gate at Mycenae

Argolis, Greece | Mycenaen Artists

1250 BCE

Homer

homer

coast of Asia Minor | modern Turkey 

Read More 1200-800 BCE

Babylonian Creation Story: Enuma Elish

Mesopotamia | Iraq, SE Turkey, E Syria | Unknown Mesopotamian poet(s}

c. 1000-300 BCE

Navajo Night Chant

Canyon de Chelly |now eastern Arizona in the Navajo Nation | The Navajo

Read More c. 1000 BCE to Present

Olmec Heads, Mexico

San Lorenzo, Mexico | Various Olmec Artists

900 BCE

Sappho’s Poetry (fragments)

Greek island of Lesbos or possibly Sicily (where she may have been exiled for some time) | Sappho

c. 630-570 BCE

The Dao De Jing

China | Laozi & others?

600-late 400 BCE

Nasca Lines of Peru

Nasca Desert, Peru | Nasca people

c. 500 BCE - 500 CE

Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian Wars

Athens, Greece | Thucydides

431- 400 BCE

Sophocles’ Oedipus the King

Athens, Greece | Sophocles

c. 429-426 BCE

Myron’s Discobolus (Discus Thrower)

Athens, Greece | Myron

c. 460–450 BCE

The Parthenon, Athens

Athens, Greece | Iktinos, Kallikrates, and Karpion

447–432 BCE

Bhagavad Gita

India | Ysasa

400 BCE

Praxiteles’ Aphrodite of Knidos

Yazıköy, Muğla Province, Turkey | Praxiteles

c. 360–330 BCE

Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics or Poetics

Athens, Greece | Aristotle

c. 334-323 BCE

The Xunzi

China | Xun Kuang (Xunzi)

300-200 BCE

Agesander, et al’s Laocoön and His Sons

Rome, Italy | Agesander, Athenodoros, and Polydorus

c. 40–30 BCE

Vitruvius’ Ten Books on Architecture

Rome, Italy | Vitruvius

c 40-19 BCE

Virgil’s Aeneid

Rome, Italy | Virgil

c. 30–19 BCE

Pont du Gard, near Nîmes, France

Nimes, France | maybe Marcus Ulpsanius Agrippa (Augustus' son-in-law)

c. 19 BCE

Ovid’s Metamorphoses

Rome, Italy | Ovid

1-8 CE

Seneca’s On Tranquility of Mind

Rome, Italy | Senaca

c. 49-62 CE

Josephus’ The Jewish War

Roman Empire--events described happened in Jerusalem, Judea (then part of Roman Empire) | Josephus

c. 75 CE

The Colosseum, Rome

Rome, Italy | commissioned by Emperors Vespasion/Titus

70-80 CE

Arch of Titus

Rome, Italy | maybe Rabirius (commissioned by Emperor Domitian)

c. 81 CE

Juvenal’s Satires

Rome, Italy | Juvenal

c. 100–127 CE

Trajan’s Victory Column

Rome, Italy | probably Apollodoros of Damascus

113 CE

The Pantheon

Rome, Italy | commissioned by Emperors Agrippa/Hadrian

c 126 CE

Dhamek Stupa, India

Uttar Pradesh, India | Various Indian Artists

500 CE