The Persian polymath Avicenna (Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī ibn Sīnā, 980–1037) completed his Canon of Medicine (Al-Qānūn fī al-ṭibb) during the first quarter of the eleventh century. This masterpiece was destined to become one of the most influential medical texts in both the Arabo-Islamic world and in pre-modern Europe, an influence that lasted until the eighteenth century. In the five books of the Canon, Avicenna effectively organized in a synthetic and didactic structure the teachings of Graeco-Roman physicians that had been translated into Syriac and Arabic in the eighth and ninth centuries and assimilated in the wider medieval Islamic world.
How far back?
2020 | Present